Also known as a renal calculus (translates to kidney pebble) or renal lithiasis, is a solid concretion or crystal aggregation that forms in the kidneys created from dietary minerals in the urine. These hard deposits can increase in size and collect anywhere in the urinary system. The most common causes of kidney stones is dehydration. Other causes includes diets, metabolic conditions, other diseases like Crohn’s Disease, and in rare cases, a genetic disorder.
Kidney stones sometimes do not cause any symptoms and eventually leave the body through the urine stream. These kidney stones are relatively small, mostly less than 3mm in diameter. When kidney stones grow larger than 3mm, it can cause obstruction, leading to several symptoms, mostly pain.
Kidney stones do not normally cause permanent damage, however the pain can be excruciating. The common treatment for kidney stones involve hydration, pain medication, and time. This is to let the kidney stone pass through the urinary tract normally. In severe cases, other methods of treatment involves medication to speed the passage of urinary stones, ESWL (Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy), and/or surgery.
The Nephrology Group will work with Urologist to offer you comprehensive care for kidney stones. We will also offer 24 hour urine collection to assess the risk factor for stone formation.