The very first to a healthy lifestyle for a patient with kidney disease is to make the decision in favor of or against dialysis. There are two options for dialysis- hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Post dialysis care is available at The Nephrology Group, Inc. clinics as well as provided in the comfort of your own home. This has shown to benefit several patients in the long run.
Dialysis is most commonly prescribed for patients in the end-stage renal failure condition, when they lose more than 80% of their kidney function. Dialysis helps remove the toxic waste infesting the body and keeps a safe level of potassium, sodium and bicarbonate in the body and it also helps keep blood pressure under control.
Hemodialysis is used to remove waste, fluids and unnecessary chemicals from the body. To get blood to the hemodialysis unit, the doctor makes an entrance to the blood vessels, often through a minor surgery in the arm or leg or through a graft. A narrow plastic tube called a catheter may also be inserted into a large vein in the neck, this type of access is temporary. The duration of a hemodialysis treatment depends on:
- how much the kidneys have recovered
- how much waste is accumulated in the body
- how much fluid was gained between treatments
- the type of artificial kidney used
This involves a cleaning of the blood in the body by means of a catheter inserted in the body through the abdomen. During this treatment, the abdominal area is filled with dialysate through the catheter. The two main types of Peritoneal Dialysis treatments are: continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and automated peritoneal dialysis (APD). CAPD is done without machines, and by the patient or their family four to five times a week. APD is done at home by the help of a machine called cycler. and can be done when the patient is asleep.
More often than not people think that dialysis is uncomfortable and expensive,but there is more help out there than there is trouble. Most dialysis patients live normal lives except when they need the treatment. Although it is a change in the lifestyle, it does not prevent them from doing most normal tasks.